Speed of Light

The speed of light being a constant sounds like a simple statement. But there is more to it, quite a bit more. Let’s look at what this constancy really means. À première vue, it says that if you are standing somewhere, and there is a ray of light going from your right to left, it has a speed c. And another ray of light going from left to right also has a speed c. So far, so good. Now let’s say you are in a rocket ship, comme représenté sur la figure ci-dessous, moving from right to left.

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Théorie de la relativité restreinte

Quand nous entendons parler d'Einstein et de la relativité restreinte (ou la théorie de la relativité, d'utiliser le nom réel), nous pensons à la célèbre E = mc^2 équation, et des choses bizarres comme le paradoxe des jumeaux. Bien que ces choses sont vraies et importantes, le problème SR tente de résoudre est un complètement différent. Il est une tentative de défendre un principe de base en physique.
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Quantum Field Theory

In this post on Quantum Mechanics (QM), we will go a bit beyond it and touch upon Quantum Field Theory – the way it is used in particle physics. In the last couple of posts, I outlined a philosophical introduction to QM, as well as its historical origin – how it came about as an ad-hoc explanation of the blackbody radiation, and a brilliant description of the photoelectric effect.
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Historical Origin of Quantum Mechanics

In this section, we will try to look at the historical origin of Quantum Mechanics, which is usually presented succinctly using scary looking mathematical formulas. The role of mathematics in physics, as Richard Feynman explains (in his lectures on QED given in Auckland, New Zealand in 1979, available on YouTube, but as poor quality recordings) is purely utilitarian.
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Mécanique quantique

Mécanique quantique (QM) is the physics of small things. How do they behave and how do they interact with each other? Conspicuously absent from this framework of QM is why. Why small things do what they do is a question QM leaves alone. Et, if you are to make any headway into this subject, your best bet is to curb your urge to ask why. Nature is what she is. Our job is to understand the rules by which she plays the game of reality, and do our best to make use of those rules to our advantage in experiments and technologies. Ours is not to reason why. Vraiment.

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Classical Physics

The main difficulty in describing particle physics to general public is the fact that it is built on modern physics. Even if you are physics aficionado and did extremely well in your high school physics, what you have learned and loved is classical physics. The difference between classical physics and modern physics is not just more physics, but a completely new way of looking at the reality around us.
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réductionnisme

Dans tous nos efforts scientifiques, nous utilisons des techniques de haut niveau similaires pour comprendre et étudier les choses. La technique la plus courante est le réductionnisme. Il est basé sur la conviction que le comportement, propriétés et la structure des grandes et complexes objets peuvent être compris en termes de leurs constituants plus simples. En d'autres termes, nous essayons de comprendre l'ensemble (l'univers, par exemple) en termes de plus petite, constituants réduits (telles que des particules).

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Les particules et les interactions

Récemment, J'ai donné un exposé sur les particules et les interactions à ses camarades de classe de ma fille qui prévoyaient un voyage à Desy, Allemagne et voulait avoir une idée de ce qu'il était tout au sujet. Comme mon premier entretien de ce genre, J'étais un peu nerveux parce que je ne savais pas à quel niveau, et le fond, Je devrais rattacher le discours à. Je ne voulais pas en faire trop basique, que je pensais être une perte de temps. Je ne voulais pas non pour le rendre trop technique, qui rendrait également inutile d'une manière différente.

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Sensory and Physical Worlds

Animals have different sensory capabilities compared to us humans. Cats, par exemple, can hear up to 60kHz, while the highest note we have ever heard was about 20kHz. Apparemment, we could hear that high a note only in our childhood. Si, if we are trying to pull a fast one on a cat with the best hifi multi-channel, Dolby-whatever recording of a mouse, we will fail pathetically. It won’t be fooled because it lives in a different sensory world, while sharing the same physical world as ours. There is a humongous difference between the sensory and physical worlds.

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