Tag சென்னை: book reviews

அளவு அபிவிருத்தி கொள்கைகள்

[This post is a review of my forthcoming book, “அளவு அபிவிருத்தி கொள்கைகள்,” to be published by John Wiley & Sons in Feb 2010. This review is written by Shayne Fletcher, Executive Director, Nomura, and author ofFinancial Modelling in Python,” and is posted here with the reviewer’s permission.]

இல் “அளவு அபிவிருத்தி கொள்கைகள்”, Thulasidas has offered a contribution that is somewhat unique in the literature associated with the field of Quantitative Development. In that specialised, narrow domain, technical books abound. Most such titles are concerned with the intricacies of the application of specific programming language to the problems of financial engineering or, அந்நியச் செலாவணிக் பொருட்களின் விலை மாதிரியில் பயன்படுத்தப்படும் மேம்பட்ட கணிதத்தின் விரிவுரைகள்,,en,இருப்பினும் துளசிதாஸ் ஒரு வித்தியாசமான திறனையும் எடுத்துள்ளார்,,en,அவர் சொல்வதைப் பொறுத்து கவனம் செலுத்துங்கள்,,en,பெரிய படம்,,en,வங்கியின் பரந்த சூழலில், குவாண்டிட்டேடிவ் டெவலப்மென்ட் பாத்திரத்தில் துளசிதாஸ் நமக்கு தனது நுண்ணறிவுகளை வழங்குகிறது,,en,வர்த்தக தளம்,,en,அத்தகைய நுண்ணறிவுகளுடன் ஆயுதம்,,en,டிரேடிங் மேடையில் உள்ள பல்வேறு பயன்பாடுகளைப் பற்றிய புரிதல் எவ்வாறு வடிவமைக்கப்பட்டு வடிவமைக்கப்பட வேண்டும் என்பதை அவர் நமக்குக் காட்டுகிறார்,,en,தொடக்க அத்தியாயங்களில்,,en,இந்தப் புத்தகம் காலப்பகுதியால் என்ன என்பதை வரையறுப்பது சம்பந்தமாக உள்ளது,,en,அவ்வாறு செய்வதன் மூலம்,,en,Thulasidas அவசியம் மதிப்பாய்வு,,en,கட்டிடக்கலை,,en,ஒரு குவாண்டீடிய டெவெலப்பரின் பார்வையில் இருந்து ஒரு வங்கி,,en,அவர் முன்னணியின் இயல்பு மற்றும் பரஸ்பர விவகாரங்களைப் பற்றி விவாதித்துள்ளார்,,en,ஒரு வங்கியின் நடுத்தர மற்றும் பின்புற அலுவலகங்கள்,,en. Thulasidas however has taken a very different tact. Focusing instead on what he terms “the big picture”, Thulasidas offers us his insights into the role of Quantitative Development in the broader context of a bank’s “trading platform”. Armed with such insights, he shows us how an understanding of the varied usages of the trading platform can and should be used to influence and shape its design.

In the opening chapters, the book is concerned with defining what is meant by the term “trading platform”. In doing so, Thulasidas necessarily reviews the “architecture” of a bank from the point of view of a Quantitative Developer. என்று, he discusses the nature and interactions of the front, middle and back offices of a bank, ஒவ்வொரு பகுதியிலும் உள்ள வல்லுநர்கள் திருப்திபடுவதற்கும், அவற்றின் ஒவ்வொரு தேவைப்பாடுகளினதும் தொழில் வர்த்தக மேடையில் வேறுபட்ட தேவைகளைத் தூண்டுவதற்கான பல்வேறு பாத்திரங்கள்,,en,நகரும்,,en,அவர் வர்த்தகத்தின் இயல்புகளை மதிப்பீடு செய்கிறார்,,en,என்று அழைக்கப்படும் வர்த்தகம்,,en,வாழ்க்கை சுழற்சி,,en,ஒரு வர்த்தகத்தின் வெவ்வேறு கருத்துக்கள் வாழ்க்கைச் சுழற்சியின் செயல்பாடாகவும் மற்றும் வணிகத்தின் வணிக பங்காகவும் தேவைப்படுகிறது,,en,ஒரு வர்த்தக தளத்திற்கான தேவைகள் பற்றி பரந்த புரிதலை ஏற்படுத்தியுள்ளன,,en,துளசிதாஸ் அந்தத் தேவைகள் வர்த்தக வடிவமைப்பிற்கான வடிவமைப்பு முடிவுகளில் மொழிபெயர்ப்பதற்கு தனது கவனத்தைத் திருப்புகிறார்,,en,வழியில் அவர் வடிவமைப்பு போன்ற அம்சங்களை நிரலாக்க மொழிகளில் தேர்வு கருதப்படுகிறது,,en,அளவிடுதல் மற்றும் நீட்டிப்பு தொடர்பான பிரச்சினைகள்,,en,பாதுகாப்பு மற்றும் தணிக்கை,,en. Moving on, he reviews the nature of trades, the so-called trade “life cycle” and how different views of a trade are required as a function of the life cycle and the business role of the user.

Having established a broad understanding of the requirements for a trading platform, Thulasidas turns his attention to translating those requirements into design decisions for trading platforms. Along the way he considers such aspects of design as choice of programming languages, issues relating to scalability and extensibility, security and auditing, சந்தை மற்றும் வர்த்தகத் தரவிற்கான பிரதிபலிப்புகள் மற்றும் வணிகத் தளங்களின் மிகப்பெரிய கட்டமைப்பு ஆகியவற்றைக் கொண்டிருப்பதுடன், அனைத்து வணிகத் தேவைகளும் முந்தைய அத்தியாயங்களில் அடையாளம் காணப்படுவதை உறுதிப்படுத்துவதற்கும்,,,en,பொது இருந்து குறிப்பிட்ட சென்று,,en,துலசிதாஸ் அடுத்த அத்தியாயங்களில் ஒரு நெகிழ்வான வழிமுறை விலை கருவி அறிமுகப்படுத்துகிறது,,en,புத்தகம் வருகிற மூல குறியீடு,,en,இந்தத் திட்டம், உள்நாட்டில் வணிகத் தளத்தை உற்பத்தி செய்யும் அளவுக்கு குவாண்ட்டிட்டிவ் டெவலப்மெண்ட் அட்னெட்கள் ஒரு சிறந்த தொடக்க புள்ளியாக பணியாற்றுவதில் சந்தேகமே இல்லை,,en,விலைவாசி கருவிக்கு துளசிதாஸின் விமர்சனம், ஒருவேளை இன்னும் கூடுதலான நன்மைக்காக இருக்கலாம்,,en.

Going from the general to the specific, Thulasidas in later chapters introduces a flexible derivatives pricing tool (the source code for which accompanies the book). This program in itself will no doubt serve as an excellent starting point for Quantitative Development teams charged with the production of an in-house trading platform. Perhaps of even greater benefit though is Thulasidas’s critique of the pricing tool, என்று, வழங்கப்பட்ட திட்டம் ஒரு முழுமையான வர்த்தக தளத்தின் தேவைகளை நிறைவேற்றுவதில் தோல்வியுற்றதையும், நிரல் எவ்வாறு ஒரு நீளமாக கருதப்பட வேண்டும் என்பதையும் எவ்வாறு விளக்குவது,,en,இந்த வழியில்,,en,முந்தைய அத்தியாயங்களின் சிந்தனை வரி வலுவூட்டுவதோடு கூர்மையாக கவனம் செலுத்துகிறது,,en,புத்தகம் முழுவதும்,,en,துளசிதாஸ் அவரது கருத்துக்களை குறிப்பிடத்தக்க சொற்பொழிவு மற்றும் லட்சியத்தோடு தெரிவிக்க நிர்வகிக்கிறது,,en,புரிந்துணர்வு பல பணக்கார கிராபிக்ஸ் செயல்முறைகள் மற்றும் அவர்களது வடிவமைப்பு மூலம் மேம்படுத்தப்பட்டுள்ளது,,en,மென்பொருள் மற்றும் பணி-ஓட்டம் உணர்வு ஆகிய இரண்டும்,,en,வாசகரின் கவனமும் ஆர்வமும் ஒருபோதும் இழக்கப்படுவதில்லை, மேலும் ஒரு பெரிய பொழுதுபோக்கு பொழுதுபோக்கு பல பக்கங்களிலும் காணப்படுகிறது,,en,பெரிய படங்கள்,,en,உண்மையில் அவர்களது சொந்த உரிமையுடன் கூடிய மலிவான பத்திரிகை பாணி கட்டுரைகள்,,en,துளசிதாஸ் கூறுகிறார்,,en. In this way, the line of thought of earlier chapters is reinforced and brought sharply into focus.

Throughout the book, Thulasidas manages to convey his ideas with remarkable eloquence and lucidity. Understanding is enhanced by numerous rich graphics outlining processes and their design (both in the software and work-flow sense). The reader’s attention and interest is never lost and a great deal of entertainment is to be found in the numerous side-bars, தி “Big Pictures” (in effect an enjoyable mini-series of magazine style articles in their own right).

As Thulasidas himself notes, அவருடைய புத்தகத்தின் தலைப்பு பரந்த அளவில் உள்ளது,,en,இந்த தலைப்பின் சாத்தியமான வாசகன் சமமாக பரந்த அளவில் உள்ளது,,en,குறிப்பாக,,en,தங்கள் வாழ்நாளின் ஆரம்பத்தில் அளவுக்கு அதிகமான டெவலப்பர்கள் இந்த புத்தகத்திலிருந்து பெற மிகவும் விரும்புகிறார்கள்,,en,உண்மையில், வங்கிச்சேவையின் மிகுந்த அனுபவத்தாலும் கூட அதன் வாசிப்புக்கு இலாபம் ஈட்டும்,,en,அளவு ஆய்வாளர்கள்,,en,வர்த்தகர்கள்,,en,இடர் மேலாளர்கள்,,en,IT தொழில் மற்றும் அவர்களின் திட்ட மேலாளர்கள்,,en,தனிநபர்கள் கல்வித்துறையில் அல்லது பிற தொழில்களிலிருந்து வங்கியில் பணியாற்றுவதை கருத்தில் கொண்டவர்கள்,,en,ஒவ்வொரு குழுவிலிருந்தும் வாசகர்களும் துளசிதாஸின் பணிக்கான தகவல்களையும் கண்டுபிடிப்புகளையும் நினைப்பார்கள்,,en. Accordingly, the potential readership of this title is equally broad. Notably, Quantitative Developers at the beginning of their careers stand most to gain from this book. The fact is though that even the most seasoned of banking professionals would profit from its reading. அளவு உருவாக்குநர்கள், Quantitative Analysts, Traders, Risk Managers, IT professionals and their Project Managers, individuals considering switching from academia or other industries to a career in banking… Readers from each and all of these groups will find Thulasidas’s work informative and thought provoking.

சவுல் பெல்லோ மூலம் ஹம்போல்ட் பரிசு

I first found this modern-day classic in my father’s collection some thirty years ago, which meant that he bought it right around the time it was published. இப்போது மீண்டும் அதை பார்த்து, and after having read the book, வழக்கம் போல், many times over, I am surprised that he had actually read it. May be I am underestimating him in my colossal and unwarranted arrogance, but I just cannot see how he could have followed the book. Even after having lived in the USA for half a dozen years, and read more philosophy than is good for me, I cannot keep up with the cultural references and the pace of Charlie Citrine’s mind through its intellectual twists and turns. Did my father actually read it? நான் wish I could ask him.

Perhaps that is the point of this book, as it is with most classics — the irreversibility and finality of death. Or may be it is my jaundiced vision painting everything yellow. But Bellow does rage against this finality of death (just like most religions do); he comically postulates that it is our metaphysical denial that hides the immortal souls watching over us. Perhaps he is right; it certainly is comforting to believe it.

There is always an element of parternality in every mentor-protégé relationship. (Forgive me, I know it is a sexist view — why not maternality?) But I probably started this post with the memories of my father because of this perceived element in the Von Humboldt Fleischer – Charlie Citrine relationship, complete with the associated feelings of guilt and remorse on the choices that had to be made.

As a book, Humboldt’s Gift is a veritable tour de force. It is a blinding blitz of erudition and wisdom, coming at you at a pace and intensity that is hard to stand up to. It talks about the painted veil, மாயா, the many colored glasses staining the white radiance of eternity, and Hegel’s phenomenology as though they are like coffee and cheerios. எனக்கு, this dazzling display of intellectual fireworks is unsettling. I get a glimpse of the enormity of what is left to know, and the paucity of time left to learn it, and I worry. It is the ultimate ப 22 — by the time you figure it all out, it is time to go, and the knowledge is useless. Perhaps knowledge has always been useless in that sense, but it is still a lot of fun to figure things out.

The book is a commentary on American materialism and the futility of idealism in our modern times. It is also about the small things where a heart finds fulfillment. Here is the setting of the story in a nutshell. Charlie Citrine, a protégé to Von Humboldt Fleischer, makes it big in his literary career. Fleischer himself, full of grandiose schemes for a cultural renaissance in America, dies a failure. Charlie’s success comes at its usual price. In an ugly divorce, his vulturous ex-wife, Denise, tries to milk him for every penny he’s worth. His mercenary mistress and a woman-and-a-half, Renata, targets his riches from other angles. Then there is the boisterous Cantabile who is ultimately harmless, and the affable and classy Thaxter who is much more damaging. The rest of the story follows some predictable, and some surprising twists. Storylines are something I stay away from in my reviews, for I don’t want to be posting spoilers.

I am sure there is a name for this style of narration that jumps back and forth in time with no regard to chronology. I first noticed it in ப 22 and recently in Arundhati Roy’s God of Small Things. It always fills me with a kind of awe because the writer has the whole story in mind, and is revealing aspects of it at will. It is like showing different projections of a complex object. This style is particularly suited for Humboldt’s Gift, because it is a complex object like a huge diamond, and the different projections show brilliant flashes of insights. Staining the white radiance of eternity, நிச்சயமாக.

To say that Humboldt’s Gift is a masterpiece is like saying that sugar is sweet. It goes without saying. I will read this book many more times in the future because of its educational values (and because I love the reader in my audiobook edition). I would not necessarily recommend the book to others though. I think it takes a peculiar mind, one that finds sanity only in insane gibberish, and sees unreality in all the painted veils of reality, to appreciate this book.

சுருக்கமாக, you have to be a bit cuckoo to like it. ஆனாலும், by the same convoluted logic, this negative recommendation is perhaps the strongest endorsement of all. So here goes… Don’t read it. I forbid it!

The Razor’s Edge by W Somerset Maugham

May be it is only my tendency to see philosophy everywhere, but I honestly believe Maugham’s works are the classics they are because of their deep philosophical underpinnings. Their strong plots and Maugham’s masterful storytelling help, but what makes them timeless is the fact that Maugham gives voice to the restlessness of our hearts, and puts in words the stirring uncertainties of our souls. Our questions have always been the same. Where do we come from? What are we doing here? And where are we headed? Quo vadis?

Of all the books of this kind that I have read, and I have read many, ரேசர் எட்ஜ் takes on the last question most directly. When Larry says, out of the blue, “The dead look so awfully dead.” we get an idea of what his quest, and indeed the inquiry of the book, is going to be.

Larry Darrell is as close to human flawlessness as Maugham ever gets. His cynical disposition always produced vivid characters that were flawed human beings. We are used to snobbishness in Elliott Templeton, fear and hypocrisy in the vicar of Blackstable, self-loathing even in the self-image of Philip Carey, frivolity in Kitty Garstin, undue sternness in Walter Fane, the ludicrous buffoonery of Dirk Stroeve, abysmal cruelty in Charles Strickland, ultimate betrayal in Blanche Stroeve, fatal alcoholism in Sophie, incurable promiscuity in Mildred — an endless parade of gripping characters, everyone of them as far from human perfection as you and me.

But human perfection is what is sought and found in Larry Darrell. He is gentle, compassionate, single-mindedly hardworking, spiritually enlightened, simple and true, and even handsome (although Maugham couldn’t help but bring in some reservations about it). In one word, சரியான. So it is only with an infinite amount of vanity that anybody can identify himself with Larry (as I secretly do). And it is a testament to Maugham’s mastery and skill that he could still make such an idealistic character human enough for some people to see themselves in him.

As I plod on with these review posts, I’m beginning to find them a bit useless. I feel that whatever needed to be said was already well said in the books to begin with. மேலும், the books being classics, others have also said much about them. So why bother?

Let me wind up this post, and possibly this review series, with a couple of personal observations. I found it gratifying that Larry finally found enlightenment in my native land of Kerala. Written decades before the hippie exodus for spiritual fulfillment in India, this book is remarkably prescient. மேலும், as a book on what life is all about, and how to live it to its spiritual fullness in our hectic age, ரேசர் எட்ஜ் is a must read for everybody.

Catch-22 by Joseph Heller

I’m embarrassed to admit it, but I didn’t “get” ப 22 the first time I read it. That was some twenty years ago, may be I was too young then. Halfway through my third read a few weeks ago, I suddenly realized – it was a caricature!

Caricatures are visual; or so I thought. ப 22, எனினும், is a literary caricature, the only one of its kind I have read. Looking for a story line in it that ridicules the blinding craziness of a cruelly crazy world is like looking for anguish in Guernica. It is everywhere and nowhere. Where shall I begin? I guess I will jot down the random impressions I got over my multiple reads.

ப 22 includes one damning indictment on the laissez-faire, enterprise-loving, free market, capitalistic philosophy. It is in the form of the amiable, but ultimately heartless, மிலோ மைண்டர் பைண்டர். With inconceivable pricing tactics, Milo’s enterprise makes money for his syndicate in which everybody has a share. What is good for the syndicate, எனவே, has to be good for everybody, and we should be willing to suffer minor inconveniences like eating Egyptian cotton. During their purchasing trips, Yossarian and Dunbar have to put up with terrible working conditions, while Milo, mayor to countless towns and a deputy Shaw to Iran, enjoys all creature comforts and finer things in life. ஆனாலும், fret not, எல்லோருக்கும் ஒரு பங்கு உள்ளது!

It is hard to miss the parallels between Milo and the CEOs of modern corporations, begging for public bailouts while holding on to their private jets. But Heller’s uncanny insights assume really troubling proportions when Milo privatizes international politics and wars for everybody’s good. If you have read The Confessions of an Economic Hitman, you would be worried that the warped exaggerations of Heller are still well within the realm of reality. The icing on the cake comes when someone actually demands his share — Milo gives him a worthless piece of paper, with all pomp and ceremony! Remind you of your Lehman minibonds? Life indeed is stranger than fiction.

But Milo’s exploits are but a minor side story in ப 22. The major part of it is about crazy Yossarian’s insanity, which is about the only thing that makes sense in a world gone mad with war and greed and delusions of futile glory.

Yossarian’s comical, yet poignant dilemmas put the incongruities of life in an unbearably sharp focus for us. Why is it crazy to try to stay alive? Where is the glory in dying for some cause when death is the end of everything, including the cause and the glory?

Along with Yossarian, Heller parades a veritable army of characters so lifelike that you immediately see them among your friends and family, and even in yourself. எடுத்து, உதாரணமாக, the Chaplin’s metaphysical musings, Appleby’s flawless athleticism, Orr’s dexterity, Colonel Cathcart’s feathers and black-eyes, General Peckam’s prolix prose, Doc Daneeka’s selfishness, Aarfy’s refusal to hear, Nately’s whore, Luciana’s love, Nurse Duckett’s body, தி 107 year old Italian’s obnoxious words of wisdom, Major Major’s shyness, Major — de Caverley’s armyness — each a masterpiece in itself!

On second thought, I feel that this book is too big a chef d’oervre for me to attempt to review. All I can do is to recommend that you read it — at least twice. And leave you with my take-away from this under-rated epic.

Life itself is the ultimate catch 22, inescapable and water-tight in every possible way imaginable. The only way to make sense of life is to understand death. And the only way to understand death is to stop living. Don’t you feel like letting out a respectful whistle like Yossarian at this simple beauty of this catch of life? நான் செய்கிறேன்!

அன்ரியல் யுனிவர்ஸ் – Reviewed

ஸ்ட்ரெய்ட்ஸ் டைம்ஸ்

pback-cover (17K)சிங்கப்பூர் தேசிய செய்தித்தாள், ஸ்ட்ரெய்ட்ஸ் டைம்ஸ், பயன்படுத்தப்படும் வாசிக்கக்கூடிய மற்றும் உரையாடல் பாணி புகழ்கிறது அன்ரியல் யுனிவர்ஸ் மற்றும் வாழ்க்கை பற்றி அறிய விரும்பும் யாராவது அதை பரிந்துரைக்கிறது, பிரபஞ்சம் எல்லாம்.

வெண்டி Lochner

அழைப்பு அன்ரியல் யுனிவர்ஸ் ஒரு நல்ல வாசிப்பு, வெண்டி கூறுகிறது, “அதை நன்கு எழுதப்பட்ட, nonspecialist தொடர்ந்து மிக தெளிவாக.”

பாபி கிறிஸ்துமஸ்

விவரித்த அன்ரியல் யுனிவர்ஸ் என “அத்தகைய ஒரு உள்ளார்ந்த மற்றும் அறிவார்ந்த புத்தகத்தில்,” பாபி கூறுகிறது, “துறைசாராதவர்கள் நினைத்து ஒரு புத்தகம், இந்த வாசிக்கக்கூடிய, என்று தூண்டுபவை பணி உண்மையில் நமது வரையறை, ஒரு புதிய முன்னோக்கு வழங்குகிறது.”

எம். எஸ். Chandramouli

எம். எஸ். Chandramouli graduated from the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras in 1966 and subsequently did his MBA from the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. After an executive career in India and Europe covering some 28 years he founded Surya International in Belgium through which he now offers business development and industrial marketing services.

Here is what he says about அன்ரியல் யுனிவர்ஸ்:

“The book has a very pleasing layout, with the right size of font and line spacing and correct content density. Great effort for a self-published book!”

“The impact of the book is kaleidoscopic. The patterns in one reader’s mind (mine, என்று) shifted and re-arranged themselves with a ‘rustling noise’ more than once.””The author’s writing style is remarkably equidistant from the turgid prose of Indians writing on philosophy or religion and the we-know-it-all style of Western authors on the philosophy of science.”

“There is a sort of cosmic, background ‘Eureka!’ that seems to suffuse the entire book. Its central thesis about the difference between perceived reality and absolute reality is an idea waiting to bloom in a million minds.”

“The test on the ‘Emotionality of Faith,’ பக்கம் 171, was remarkably prescient; it worked for me!”

“I am not sure that the first part, which is essentially descriptive and philosophical, sits comfortably with the second part with its tightly-argued physics; if and when the author is on his way to winning the argument, he may want to look at three different categories of readers – the lay but intelligent ones who need a degree of ‘translation,’ the non-physicist specialist, and the physicist philosophers. Market segmentation is the key to success.”

“I think this book needs to be read widely. I am making a small attempt at plugging it by copying this to my close friends.”

Steven Bryant

Steven is a Vice President of Consulting Services for Primitive Logic, a premier Regional Systems Integrator located in San Francisco, California. He is the author of The Relativity Challenge.

“Manoj views science as just one element in the picture of life. Science does not define life. But life colors how we understand science. He challenges all readers to rethink their believe systems, to question what they thought was real, to ask “why”? He asks us to take off our “rose colored glasses” and unlock new ways of experiencing and understanding life. This thought provoking work should be required reading to anyone embarking on a new scientific journey.”

“Manoj’s treatment of time is very thought provoking. While each of our other senses – sight, ஒலி, smell, taste and touch – are multi-dimensional, time appears to be single dimensional. Understanding the interplay of time with our other senses is a very interesting puzzle. It also opens to door to the existence possibilities of other phenomena beyond our know sensory range.”

“Manoj’s conveys a deep understanding of the interaction of our physics, human belief systems, perceptions, experiences, and even our languages, on how we approach scientific discovery. His work will challenge you to rethink what you think you know is true.”

“Manoj offers a unique perspective on science, கருத்து, and reality. The realization that science does not lead to perception, but perception leads to science, is key to understanding that all scientific “facts” are open for re-exploration. This book is extremely thought provoking and challenges each reader the question their own beliefs.”

“Manoj approaches physics from a holistic perspective. Physics does not occur in isolation, but is defined in terms of our experiences – both scientific and spiritual. As you explore his book you’ll challenge your own beliefs and expand your horizons.”

Blogs and Found Online

From the Blog Through The Looking Glass

“This book is considerably different from other books in its approach to philosophy and physics. It contains numerous practical examples on the profound implications of our philosophical viewpoint on physics, specifically astrophysics and particle physics. Each demonstration comes with a mathematical appendix, which includes a more rigorous derivation and further explanation. The book even reins in diverse branches of philosophy (e.g. thinking from both the East and the West, and both the classical period and modern contemporary philosophy). And it is gratifying to know that all the mathematics and physics used in the book are very understandable, and thankfully not graduate level. That helps to make it much easier to appreciate the book.”

From the Hub Pages

Calling itself “An Honest Review of அன்ரியல் யுனிவர்ஸ்,” this review looks like the one used in ஸ்ட்ரெய்ட்ஸ் டைம்ஸ்.

I got a few reviews from my readers through email and online forums. I have compiled them as anonymous reviews in the next page of this post.

Click on the link below to visit the second page.